özgürlük meydanı

kreschatik caddesi

aziz sofya kilisesi

pechersk lavra kilisesi

çernobil müzesi

ekmek müzesi

savaş müzesi

golden gate

canavarlar evi


doğu batı sanatları müzesi

andrevski yokuşu   andriyivski uzviz

privogo open air museum

rodina mat

volodynmyrs cathedral

zoloti volota

babi yar

st michael manastırı

mariyinski sarayı




inyourpocket     tram 6 lviv otel önünden lv ana istasyona gidiş yolu


Transcript of Transort system in Lviv

Public transport
the fare is 1,50 UAH, and 0,75 ( for schoolchildren and students). You can purchase bus in kiosk near all bus stop. There also various possible subscription rates for a month or more.
The fare is 1,50 UAH (general), and 0.75 (for schoolchildren and students). You can purchase tram tickets in “Interpress” and “Vysoky Zamok” kiosks, as well as in Lviv Municipal Services “Lviv Electrical Transportation” sales areas and from the driver inside the tram.The ticket must be punched when you get on the tram. Put the ticket in the punching machine hanging on the walls of the train, and pull the lever down to punch your ticket. Keep your ticket with you during the whole trip as most Lviv controllers are rather strict.
Buses or “Marshrutka” how they are usually called in the puplic are one of the most popular kind of transport in Lviv. For the first time this type of transport appeared on the roads of the city during the establishment of the independence. To stop the bus on the street you should wave your hand. The bus fare is 2 UAH.
There are close to 3,500 taxis in Lviv. More than 2,500 are equipped with meters. As of May, 2008, generally speaking, 13% of all taxis working legally in Ukraine were based in Lviv.The fare will depend on your itinerary, the time of day, etc. We suggest that you determine the actual price of your journey with the driver before getting in
lviv tram ticket ile ilgili görsel sonucuİlgili resim
lviv tram ticket ile ilgili görsel sonucu

Probably World’s Cheapest Public Transportation: Ukraine

Transportation and accommodations are the two biggest expenses while traveling… in most countries. For instance a city bus fare will set you back $1.50 in Warsaw, $3 in Montreal and almost $4 in Berlin… or $0.20 in Ukraine.  You will pay $140 for a 500-600km train ride between Berlin and Dusseldorf. Montreal – New York (similar distance) will cost you $80.

Ukraine train ticket0

Ukrainian train ticket. Unfortunately nothing is written in English.

The same distance in Ukraine (Lviv – Kyiv) will cost you about $12, that’s including a set of fresh bed sheets, in a sleeping cabin.

As you might have guessed, this post is about the public transportation in Ukraine. In 2014 I managed to try out the trains, buses, private mini buses, trolleybuses, tramways, metro (subway) and even hitchhiking at one occasion.

Trains in Ukraine.

Trains remain the most popular way of traveling long distances in Ukraine. With over 23,000 of railway tracks Ukraine is the world’s 6th largest rail passenger transporter (thanks, wikipedia). Trains are relatively fast and incredibly cheap. I would suggest paying a few dollars extra to get a bed in a “coupé” (2nd class) – that’s a compartment with 4 beds, separated  by a door from the other compartments and the train hallway. However, you might consider trying a slightly cheaper but a lot more authentic “Platzkart” (3rd class).  There are 54 beds in the Platzkart, compartments are separated from one another, however there is no door separation you from the hallway. You will hear every single sneeze and you will see every single person passing through the wagon.

Here is the layout of Coupe (on top) and Platzkart (bottom):

Layout of train cars - Ukrainian Railways0

Layout of train cars – Ukrainian Railways

I took a train from Lviv to Kyiv for $12. Then “electrified train” (електричка aka suburban train) Kyiv – Vinnytsya – Kyiv for $3 each way, then Rivne – Lviv and finally a night train from Lviv to Solotvyno ($9), a border town where I crossed to Romania by foot. Once again, highly recommended method of traveling in Ukraine.

Buses in Ukraine

Ukraine offers an enormous amount of private bus transport companies. There are buses that will take you everywhere and anywhere. Buses are usually more expensive than trains, take as long if not longer and they are a lot less comfortable. I had to take a bus from Kyiv to Rivne (since I couldn’t find a train for that trip). This 300+km trip cost $10 and took about 6 hours. Please note there are usually no restrooms in the bus. Not the best way to travel (in any country) but the vast availability and multiple daily departures make this method of traveling quite popular.

Transportation Inside The City

– Marshrutki

Most Ukrainian cities offer several means of public transportation: buses, trolleybuses, tramways, mini-buses and metro (in Kyiv). Buses seems to be dying out in the cities since they are being replaced by the private “marshrutki” – or mini buses. These big vans (or small buses) have very interesting routes and could take you from one part of the city to another for $0.30 within a very reasonable amount of time. They are often more convenient and even cheaper than public transport.

For instance, you might need to take a tram, then metro then trolleybus to reach your destination. Since tickets are not transferable in Ukraine you will have to buy 3 separate tickets at 2 hryvnya each for a total of 6 hryvnya ($0.60). Or you could use a “marshrutka” for only $0.30 and it will take exactly where you need to go without changing the line. The big problem with these mini-buses is that they don’t have a posted route (main stops of the route are written on the side of the bus). Yet, people somehow just know which mini-bus goes where. You will have to ask the locals if you are planning on using this method of transportation.

These mini-buses can also take you to near-by villages and some even do long distance trips. A lot of locals use this service to travel within 15-50km of the city since state-run bus service is almost non-existent.

– Tramways and Trolleybuses

These historical pieces of transport are still rather popular in Ukraine. Prices ranging from $0.15 to $0.20 per trip make trams and trolleys in Ukraine one of the cheapest public transport in the world. Tickets are usually sold by the conductor or the driver. Students pay half price and it’s free for most old people, war heroes, etc. There is something about tramways that I just can’t explain, especially about the old Soviet trams that still run strong, wandering the streets of Ukrainian cities, throwing you from one side to another. It’s wonderful.

$0.20 tramway ticket in Lviv0

$0.20 tramway ticket in Lviv

Metro (Subway) in Ukraine

Kyiv’s underground metro system is the most popular way of getting around the city. You can always beat the traffic by using the subway. 3 lines (4th one under construction), 52 station and less than $0.20 ticket price aren’t the only great things. Arsenalna station is one of the world’s deepest metro stations (over 100 meters underground!). Ukrainian metro opened in 1960 – so it was built by the communists, for the communists. Most station offer impressive architecture and feel more like museums than metro stations. The trains arrive every 2 minutes or less, so the waiting time is incredibly short compared to many other cities/countries.

Kyiv Metro Entrance - photo by Elizabeth Viatkin0

Kyiv Metro Entrance – photo by Elizabeth Viatkin

I was surprised to find out that Kyiv subway is adding more and more English to its signs and announcements. There is still a lot of work to be done but most tourists will be able to make it around the metro without any issues. You can purchase the tickets (or should I say plastic coins) at orange ticket machines or at the cashier’s desk.

Taxi in Ukraine

This time around I took a cab only once, in Lviv. I mentioned it in Warsaw to Lviv post. A bus dropped me off on the outskirts of Lviv at 3 am. I took a cab to the central station (pretty long ride on the cobble-stoned streets while in an old beat up Lada). It cost $4, which is also very cheap for a cab. I would suggest calling official taxy companies, or even better asking a local to call a cab – this way you won’t overpay.


Last but not least: hitchhiking. A lot of locals use hitchhiking as a method of transportation inside and outside of the cities. However, you are normally expected to pay a small fee to the driver. The fee is usually agreed upon in advance. While in Lviv I met two people who constantly travel around Ukraine without paying. They simply tell the driver they don’t have the money (before getting in the car) and most people still take them. If you have a sign with your destination – people will assume you are not local and might take you out of curiosity. If you are a foreigner, you might also get free rides because people will be surprised (as Ukraine doesn’t get many foreign hitchhikers). Just like in any other country – be careful and listen to your “inside voice” when hitchhiking.

If you are planning to travel to or through Ukraine, I highly suggest checking out “Ukraine Travel Secrets” – very well detailed travel site where you could not only find lots of great info but can also book tickets!

Public transportation is traditionally an expert area of any budget traveler. Buses, trains, trams and subways offer great ways to save up on travel expenses and visit much of the country. But we’d like to highlight that Ukraine public transport can be an exciting and truly local experience for any traveler (budget or luxury), who is interested in getting to know the real country: without pretence and touristy gloss.

Using public transportation in Ukraine will definitely give one this special insight into the country’s every day life. And with few guides available, we decided to put together our most useful suggestions for using public transport system in Ukraine. DO let us know if we missed anything, and we’d be glad to help you see our country from a truly local perspective!

1.It’s cheap, reliable and safe


marshrutka – public transportation

First and foremost, when traveling to Ukraine, you need to keep in mind that – even though Ukraine’s public transport is often confusing and not completely comfortable, it is mostly reliable and safe. Staying true to traditional tourist precautions of not keeping your valuables with you will be enough to ensure a smooth ride in city’s metro, bus or tram.

And while public transport schedules are barely non-existant, buses and trams do tend to go within a reasonable time limit of 15-20 min, and you can rely on them to get you from point A to point B without much hassle.

Types of Buses

Buses in Ukraine are of three categories: fancy intercity coaches, regular governmental buses, ‘marshrutka’s and Soviet leftover buses.

Intercity Coaches


Fancy intercity coaches commonly managed by private companies, run between regional centers (Kyiv-Lviv, Kyiv-Odesa) and over long distances. They are the most comfortable type: with stewards, TVs, and tea/coffee/sandwiches.

Most well-known bus companies are

They have offices in all major cities in Ukraine. Their website is in English, and you can book/buy their bus tickets online. Their buses go to almost all major regional centers all over Ukraine. As of January 2011, Autolux cancelled its direct routes to Lviv and Uzhgorod in Western Ukraine. For those of you, who need to go to Lviv by bus, you can take one from Main Railway Bus Station (it was set up recently in 2011). They have Kyiv-Lviv bus, that departs from Kyiv at 21:00 and arrives to Lviv at 6:30. However, don’t expect the comfort of Autolux.

They also have English website, with the ability to order your tickets online. Their bus routes are catered towards Eastern Ukraine, thus they do not have departures from Kyiv to Lviv.

Regional governmental buses


These buses are usually large, up to 40 people, vehicles, traveling between major regional centers in Ukraine. They are not quite as comfortable as the coaches, however, are still way better than ‘marshrutka’s.

If you are traveling from Lviv to Chernivtsi or to Kamyanets-Podilsky, high chances are that you will be taking this type of a bus.



No foreigner leaves Ukraine without having made his/her particular impression about marshrutkas – the common transport for most of people in Ukraine.

Marshrutkas are always managed by small private companies, and thus – the service is not the greatest. However, they are still safe and convenient way to travel around Ukraine, especially off-the-beaten track and between smaller cities.

Soviet leftover buses

soviet bus


Ok, few of you will ever get to see those. However, if you do, waste no time, and take a photo! The remnants of glorious Soviet past are still roaming the distant villages and far away towns.  Least comfortable and extremely slow they still remind us about the early 90-ies, hordes of babushkas with potato sacks, and weekend trips to dachas.


2. How to find cross-country bus schedule



If you plan to travel between cities and villages in Ukraine, you can always choose to use the train. However, if the distances are rather short, it often makes more sense to take a bus. Bus schedules in Ukraine are tough to spot, and can often be changed without prior notice.

However, you can check out bus timetables on website. While it’s Russian only, you can look for big city bus routes on their booking engine:, which thankfully has a functioning English version.

Keep in mind that even after you buy your ticket online, you still have to present the printed voucher to the ticket counter, and pick up your actual ticket. Due to the imperfection in Ukrainian legal system, e-tickets are not allowed as of yet.

Note! You will also need to present the documents proving your identity, so make sure you keep your passport with you.

For traveling between smaller villages or in more remote areas, your main help will come from locals – so make sure to pick up a word or two in Ukrainian or Russian!


3. Types of intercity public transportation


Most of Ukrainian large cities have a wide network of buses, marshrutkahs (smaller privately owned buses), trams and trolleybuses available. Only three cities in Ukraine have subway or metro system: Kyiv, Kharkiv and Dnipropetrovsk. The last one has only one line, while Kyiv has the most extensive subway system.

Commonly, marshrutkas are the typical way of getting around, in case the metro is not available. You will probably hear plenty of funny and not-so-comfortable stories about taking marshrutkas in Ukraine. And while a lot of them can still be true for smaller towns, bigger cities have recently started to invest more into the public transport, forcing more and more of marshrutkas to function like a typical intercity bus, albeit smaller.

Pricewise, subway/tram/trolleybuses tend to be the cheapest, with specal discounts for students and elderly, while marshrutkas are the most expensive (up to 6 UAH per ride in certain places).

4. How to find public transport routes in Ukraine



As of recently, finding city public transport routes even in Ukraine’s capital has been a treasure-hunt like experience! You either had to struggle with Cyrillic only atlas maps or try to figure out your way interpreting the muffled sounds of Ukrainian passerbies. For many foreigners, it forever remained a State-level secret!

Until few months ago, when a new internet system – Easy Way –  appeared, offering reliable and up-to-date metro/bus/tram/trolleybus/marshrutka routes across major Ukrainian cities: Kyiv, Donetsk, Lviv and Kharkiv. With easy to use interface and – oh thankfully! – well-done English version, you will have no trouble finding the best possible public transport option for getting from point A to point B.

Keep in mind though that city buses, departing on a specific set time, are still not-existant in Ukraine, so make sure to allow yourself enough spare time for the unexpected circumstances and traffic jams.

5. Buying your ticket

Buying your public transport ticket in Ukraine can be a bit trickier, than one is used to. It might also differ from city to city, so make sure to check around when you get on the bus/tram.

Typically there are two types of tickets in Ukraine: one-time and monthly tickets. Monthly tickets are sold as a special type of scratch card, while regular tickets look like this:

tram ticket


Tram/Trolleybus Ticket

or like this:

metro token


Metro tokens

Usually you can buy your ticket in five possible ways:

  • with the conductor – middle aged lady, dressed in apron, walking around the vehicle and selling the tickets
  • with the driver – by going to the front door and paying directly through the driver’s window (make sure you pay without any change!)
  • at the tram/bus/trolleybus stops – not every city has them, but in Kyiv you can get your ticket at the ticket counters, so-called kasa
  • at the metro entrances, inside the metro station – also the at the kasa
  • at the metro slot machines – you’ll need to enter a fixed amount of cash (10-15 UAH), and will get 4-5 tokens at the same time; good to use, if there is a long line at the kasa

Tickets are often very cheap: ranging from 2 UAH (10 cents) to 3 UAH (20 cents) at the max.


Most of the trams and trolleybus require you to ‘activate’ your ticket, by inserting it into a type of a slot machine, called ‘the composter’. Once you insert the ticket and press the handle, it leaves a number of punched-in dots, signifying that your ticket has already been used.

used ticket


Surely it is a rather funny device, which can take a few minutes to master, but locals will be mostly happy to help you out.

It is crucial that you ‘activate’ your ticket, as without doing so, your ticket will remain invalid and you can be fined.

6. Buying your ticket in marshrutkas

Buying your tickets in marshrutkas can be a bit trickier, as these small buses are usually privately owned, and often do not give out any tickets at all.

After you hop on marshrutka, simply give the money to the driver, and pick up your change. Don’t freak out if you see people passing the money around the bus. It’s very common for passengers from the back seats to ‘forward’ their payment to the passengers in the front, who then, in turn, pay the driver.

If you managed to get in the back, and can’t figure out your way while marshrutka is fighting the shaky road, simply give the money to the person in front of you asking:

‘Pe-re-DAH-yte bud LAS-ka’ – please, pass this

‘… za od-NOH-goh’ – for one person

‘…za dvoh’ – for two people

and wait for your change to return to you.

If you really need a ticket (for accounting purpose for example), you need to ask the driver in particular:

DAY-teh Kvy-TOK bud LAS-kah’


The duration of your trip does not impact the cost of the ticket: it’s the same for the whole route, whether you take one or five stops.

7. How to hop on

Trams, trolleybuses and most of the buses, including marshrutkas, only pick people up at the designated stops. Look for signs like this one on the photo below:



Don’t expect any schedule on the bus stop, but you can usually allow yourself 10-15 minutes wait for the next bus/tram to come.

In some cities marshrutkas can still be flagged down in any part of the city. However, we would strongly advise against it, as this careless practice endangers the passengers and pedestrians, contradicts any traffic rules and only creates additional traffic on the road!

Walk for 5-10 more minutes till you find a stop, and hop on the bus there.

8. How to get off

Now, that can be often trickier than getting on the bus! Most trams/buses/marshrutkas don’t really announce the stops, so make sure to memorize where you need to get off, and ask the people around. They will tell you when you have to jump off the tram.

getting off

In marshrutkas you might need to announce it loudly to the driver, as they might not always stop, unless alerted in advance:

‘Zooh-peh-NEE-tsya bud LAS-ka toot’ – please, stop here

9. Night buses


…are non-existant in Ukraine. If you are staying out late, make sure to write down a few phone numbers for reputable taxi companies, and be ready to pay quite a bit for a night ride in the city.

night buses

There were a few experiments to introduce night transportation (e.g. in Lviv), but they all were unsuccesful, and nothing of this kind exists in Ukraine at the moment.

10. Traveling by train



Trains are traditionally a very popular and cheap way to get around on the long distances in Ukraine. However, using the train in Ukraine is in itself a separate topic, and we’ve compiled a special Train Series to help you get the best out of Ukraine’s railway!

ultimate guide to ukraine train travel

Ukraine train travel? Yes, why not? For those who have not yet had a chance to check out Ukraine on the map, we’ll tell you one sure thing: this country is large. Few realize that it’s actually bigger than any other European country – Germany, France or Spain! The only larger state in Europe is Russia, and it’s hardly even in Europe.

Therefore, trains are no doubt the most popular mode of transportation for tourists and locals in Ukraine.

They are cheap (max 25 euros to cross the whole 2400 km of the country), quite comfortable and are an excellent way to travel responsibly.

So, taking up the duty of introducing the best of Ukraine to you, we’ve prepared this guide, which will take you through “fire and metal pipes” of Ukraine’s railway system and will help you travel across our beautiful country in most comfortable and sustainable way.

Ultimate Guide to Ukraine train travel